Layout is the way in which text and pictures are set out on a page. It defines the final look of a document. Prince understands layout by means of CSS, cascading style sheets.
In the following chapters we shall go through the main points when preparing the layout of a page. It mainly follows the general steps of layout for web pages: starting from Text formatting and Paragraph formatting, via the CSS Box Model, until Tables, Lists, Columns, Floats, and Footnotes.
A separate chapter, Paged Media, will analyze in-depth the major difference between formatting for the web and PDF/Print, namely that PDF is paginated, content is placed on discrete pages.